Definition History Cars Boats Rec. Vehicles Blog Dealers
Conversions Technology Trucks Motorcycles Utility Forum Classified



Recent News
Just like the Battery Show in the U.S. is the prime location for exhibitors to showcase their battery innovations and manufacturing capabilities, AABC Europe is the leading conference in the Old Continent when it comes to the quality of its speakers. This year from the 30th January to the 2nd February, the Advanced Automotive Battery Conference was hosted as usual at the Congress Center Mainz along the river Rhein in Germany. In this premium article, IDTechEx analysts Mr. Gonzalez and Dr. Grande will give a summary of their week in Mainz as well as insights into what these news mean for the automotive battery industry. This account focuses on everything related to automotive companies.
Recently, there has been a sharp increase in development activity with electric aircraft, as examined in the new report from IDTechEx Research, Manned Electric Aircraft 2017-2027.
$35 Million to Accelerate Materials Science Discovery. Projects will apply artificial intelligence and machine learning to speed development of materials for next-generation energy.
Advanced Tactis has successfully completed their first aerial package delivery test with a flying drone that can land with a 5-pound package and safely drive up to the door with no propellers turning to deliver a package to the doorstep of a customer.
The IDTechEx Show! takes place on 10 & 11 May in Berlin, hosting over 200 exhibitors and over 3,000 attendees.
IDTechEx are at the Electric & Hybrid Vehicle Conference in Sindlefingen, Germany where 48V mild hybrids are rightly a strong focus.
Fuel cells are energy efficient and clean, and the hydrogen fuel can be generated from a variety of domestic sources. However, a major challenge to commercialization of this technology is the durability of the membrane.
By adopting the parallel hybrid system in a leisure craft, Toyota is striving to assure customers of the cruising range by utilizing two types of power generators―the engine and electric motor.
IDTechEx, the analyst and events firm covering emerging technologies, announces the expansion of its North American office with the hiring of Mary Ellen Guerrlich as VP Business Development, Events.
Can we do the unthinkable and abandon batteries?
Starship Technologies, the company building a fleet of autonomous robots designed to deliver goods locally, has announced the launch of pizza deliveries in co-operation with Domino's Pizza Enterprises.
Just like the Battery Show in the U.S. is the prime location for exhibitors to showcase their battery innovations and manufacturing capabilities, AABC Europe is the leading conference in the Old Continent when it comes to the quality of its speakers. This year from the 30th January to the 2nd February, the Advanced Automotive Battery Conference was hosted as usual at the Congress Center Mainz along the river Rhein in Germany. In this premium article, IDTechEx analysts Mr. Gonzalez and Dr. Grande will give a summary of their week in Mainz as well as insights into the wider implications for the automotive battery industry. This account focuses on everything that happened on DAY ONE.
In the IDTechEx report,"Fuel Cell Vehicles 2016-2026" we predicted that the window of opportunity for fuel cell vehicles is closing as battery pure electric vehicles grab their target markets.
A key component for the future of intelligent tyres, using piezoelectric energy harvesting, which converts mechanical motion into electrical energy.
China may be gearing up to have 100,000 pure electric taxis with zero emissions in use soon but at least the iconic British black cab is going to be made in Britain as a hybrid - by a Chinese company.
Airborne Wind Energy employs kites, tethered drones or turbines in balloons to make electricity, accessing more consistent, stronger winds above those reached by wind turbines on land.
IDTechEx are hosting a free webinar on Tuesday 11 April 2017.
London taxi pollution 29 Mar | United Kingdom
For the first time, air pollution in the UK is now primarily caused by road vehicles. Legal limits for the year were exceeded in the first four days of the 2017. London schools are being built where the children are forced to suck in four times the approved amount of acid gas.
The second-generation concept machine is part of an electric site research project that aims to transform the quarry and aggregates industry, by reducing carbon emissions by up to 95% and total cost of ownership by up to 25%
The technology of Airborne Wind Energy AWE has progressed in leaps and bounds recently as many developers prepare to sell them.
The new IDTechEx report, "Airborne Wind Energy (AWE) 2017-2027" looks at the addressable markets and technologies and offers forecasts and roadmaps based on ongoing AWE interviews and analysis worldwide.
The evaluation represents a significant milestone in the Knifefish program and demonstrates the UUV's capability to detect and classify potential mines, at a variety of depths, each posing a unique threat to naval vessels operating in a mission area.
ARM is at the top of its game and its remarkable advances lead the field in most of the sectors covered in the forthcoming IDTechEx Show! May 10-11, with its 3000 paying delegates, 200 exhibitors and 225 presentations in nine parallel conferences. That is why ARM is giving a cornerstone presentation at the start of all of them.
Kudrone, a palm-sized, smartphone-controlled drone that is taking on leading competitors.
Alstom has successfully performed the first test run at 80 km/h of the world's only fuel cell passenger train Coradia iLint on its own test track in Salzgitter, Lower Saxony.
A team of scientists has developed a way of using solar power to generate a fuel that is both sustainable and relatively cheap to produce. It's using natural light to generate hydrogen from biomass.
Water sports enthusiasts of all levels looking to ride waterways off limits to gas-powered personal watercrafts will now have the freedom to ride where they could never go before, with the new electric-powered Gratis X1 from Free Form Factory.
Agricultural robots are a natural next step in the technology progression of agricultural machinery. In fact, these are special times in the development of agricultural robots because the cost of computing and data acquisition has dramatically fallen over the decades, finally enabling robots that transform many aspects of agriculture.
What happens when aerospace and automotive engineers put their smarts together to rethink urban mobility? They think air and ground and imagine Pop.Up, a multimodal passenger transport concept that makes full use of the urban transportation space.
London chokes: action pathetic 15 Mar | United Kingdom
The recent meeting of the SMMT EV Group in London revealed just how far the capital is from a plan let alone adequate action to prevent the 10,000 deaths yearly from vehicle emissions, now the top emissions killer.
Roborace provides an open A.I. platform with fixed hardware for companies to develop their own driverless software and push the limits in an extreme and safe environment. The series is designed to be a competition of intelligence so all teams will use the same Robocar. By ensuring the hardware is consistent all efforts will be focused on advancing the software.
At "Future Powertrain" March 2017, Steve Gill, Director- Powertrain Engineering Ford of Europe Ford Motor Company declared that Ford will spend $4.5 billion on electric vehicles over the coming five years.
To sustainably power electronics by converting mechanical energy into electricity, energy storage is essential to supply a stable regulated electric output, something traditionally realized by a direct connection between the two components through a rectifier.
Suppliers such as Delphi argue that autonomous cars will sell first to organisations, notably as taxis but, after a delay, they will be bought strongly by private individuals. IDTechEx notes that many cities will ban private cars, autonomous or not
One of the keys to building electric cars that can travel longer distances and to powering more homes with renewable energy is developing efficient and highly capable energy storage systems.
The unique commercially oriented report Wireless Charging 2017-2027: Phones, Cars etc. is packed with detailed market and technical analysis with many new infograms, conference slides, roadmaps and ten year forecasts 2017-2027. It is based on global research by PhD level multi-lingual analysts in 2016-7 with frequent updates. The lead author has followed the subject for 20 years and is a globally acknowledged authority on the subject.
A team of engineers led by 94-year-old John Goodenough, co-inventor of the lithium-ion battery, has developed the first all-solid-state battery cells that could lead to safer, faster-charging, longer-lasting rechargeable batteries for handheld mobile devices, electric cars and stationary energy storage.
The field of battery energy storage is set to grow significantly over the coming years. The question that incumbents, raw materials suppliers, end users, and innovators are all asking themselves is whether Li-ion batteries will keep the lion's share of the market, or whether disruptive innovation will drive technology diversification according to applications.
At the Future Powertrain event March 2017 in Solihull UK, Tony Harper, Head of Research and Advanced Systems Engineering gave valuable insights into the reality of autonomous and electric vehicles.
At the recent Future Powertrain Conference in Solihull UK, Professor Matthias Wellers, Managing Director AVI Powertrain, said he liked the idea of intermittent catenaries on major roads charging inter-city pure electric trucks.
The world's first battery-powered work boat for fish farming has been brought into operation in Norway.
Raghu Das, CEO, IDTechEx, gives an overview in the lead up to the event. The exhibition runs alongside the conference tracks and takes place on 10-11 May in Berlin, Germany. It will showcase over 200 exhibiting companies from 61 countries, many demonstrating the technologies in action.
The new IDTechEx report, "Airborne Wind Energy (AWE) 2017-2027" finds that making electricity by flying kites and the like can potentially address two very different opportunities: kill diesel or kill wind turbines.
The collaboration is intended to enforce the running projects funded by the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia and Russian Science Foundation on low cost quantum electronics solutions for autonomous vehicles in a partnership involving RQC, IPM and I-FEVS.
In case of losing control of a drone, certain emergency systems are necessary to avoid the destruction of the drone and furthermore to minimize the danger for objects and human beings on the ground.
The electric vehicle and battery industries are in for a white knuckle ride over the next few years with increasing rejection on performance and toxicity of the lead acid battery by designers and lead-hostile laws that add cost.
BioSolar Inc, a developer of breakthrough energy storage technology and materials, has further described its plan to help drive down the cost of lithium-ion batteries.
IDTechEx are hosting a free webinar on Tuesday 14 March 2017 titled Electric Drones Reinvented.
Researchers may have just found a solution for one of the biggest stumbling blocks to the next wave of rechargeable batteries — small enough for cellphones and powerful enough for cars.
MOAR is a new fat ebike design on the market with both front and rear suspensions.
New insurance rules for self-driving cars and measures to improve provision of electric vehicle charge points have been introduced in the UK as part of the Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill.
Things will have to change in order that they remain the same (i.e., Li-ion batteries are here to stay). From the 25th to the 27th January around 300 stakeholders in the battery business gathered in Berlin to discuss battery innovation in Germany. The fifth edition of Batterieforum Deutschland, the prime event organised to foster a Li-ion battery ecosystem in Germany, took place at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel near Potsdamer Platz, with three topics as the main sources of engagement for the attendees: battery manufacturing in Germany, advanced Li-ion chemistries, and stationary storage. The event was organised by KLiB, a public-private partnership of the German government and some national battery stakeholders. In this premium article, we will focus on battery chemistries.
UPS has successfully tested a drone that launches from the top of a package car, autonomously delivers a package to a home and then returns to the vehicle while the delivery driver continues along the route to make a separate delivery.
Shell announces the launch of its first hydrogen refuelling station in the UK at its Cobham service station on the M25.
The Mercedes-Benz E 350 e has successfully completed the T�V validation audit and received the Environmental Certificate.
Scientists have developed an ultrafast high-contrast camera that could help self-driving cars and drones see better in extreme road conditions and in bad weather.
Chinese drone company EHang and the Dubai Roads and Transport Authority have announced a partnership to jointly promote and introduce the EHang 184 autonomous aerial vehicle into Dubai, the city with the aim to build the world's most intelligent transportation system.
There is only one thing worse than bad planning, and that is too much planning. From the 25th to the 27th January around 300 stakeholders in the battery business gathered in Berlin to discuss why is Germany not building its own gigafactories yet. The fifth edition of Batterieforum Deutschland, the prime event organised to foster a Li-ion battery ecosystem in Germany, took place at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel near Potsdamer Platz, with three topics as the main sources of engagement for the attendees: battery manufacturing in Germany, advanced Li-ion chemistries, and stationary storage. The event was organised by KLiB, a public-private partnership of the German government and some national battery stakeholders. In this premium article, we will focus on battery manufacturing.
HMI Technologies in partnership with Christchurch International Airport and with the support of the Christchurch City Council have launched New Zealand's first fully driverless vehicle trial.
Machine learning is becoming an increasingly important artificial intelligence approach to building autonomous and robotic systems. One of the key challenges with machine learning is the need for many samples — the amount of data needed to learn useful behaviors is prohibitively high.
The European Investment Bank has signed a EUR 15 million 'quasi equity' financing with Skeleton Technologies, Europe's leading producer of ultracapacitors and ultracapacitor based energy storage solutions built with graphene-type materials.
As bees slip onto the endangered species list in the United States, researchers in Japan are pollinating lilies with insect-sized drones.
Maxwell Technologies Inc has announced a definitive agreement with CRRC Qingdao Sifang Rolling Stock Research Institute Co Ltd to localize manufacturing of its ultracapacitor-based modules for use in the China new energy bus market.
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States has blocked Infineon's planned acquisition of Wolfspeed saying it may pose security risks, which remain unspecified so far.
Just when many investors are running for the exit, having burnt their fingers with toy drones and the like, IDTechEx reveals a much bigger picture with considerable potential for the level-headed.
Oxbotica has announced the release of its pioneering camera-based localisation software for autonomous vehicles, Dub4.
Perpetual drones 08 Feb | Worldwide
Nothing lasts forever: things wear out. However, there is a huge pent up demand for "perpetual" autonomous drones for everything from security to surveying, meteorology and even power generation.
The IDTechEx Launchpad initiative is open to early-stage start-ups, universities, newly spun-out companies, research labs and government labs who can demonstrate a working prototype or product that highlights new advances in any of the related event topics of: 3D printing, electric vehicles, energy harvesting, energy storage, graphene, internet of things, printed electronics, sensors, or wearable technology.
Corvus Energy Inc has announced that it has been selected as the supplier of the lithium ion based energy storage system for a new hybrid chemical tanker being built for Rederiet Stenersen AS of Norway.
Researchers have developed an algorithm for automated vehicles to operate in traffic alongside manually-driven vehicles. This is a key step in the shift towards autonomous driving expected to be achieved by 2030.
Electric Boat Climbs Mountains 03 Feb | United Kingdom
Light amphibious all-terrain vehicles have their own place within a broad spectrum of modern self-propelled machines.
Bats have long captured the imaginations of scientists and engineers with their unrivalled agility, but their complex wing motions pose significant technological challenges for those seeking to recreate their flight in a robot.
IDTechEx finds that the construction, agriculture and mining part alone will be an $81 billion market in 2027 with considerable opportunities for consolidation of players and technological breakthroughs with major market disruption and creation.
A prediction by analysts IDTechEx is turning out to be true.The window of opportunity is closing for fuel cell on-road vehicles to become mainstream.
In 2017, China has moved further against lead acid batteries and the horrific injuries and deaths they cause in China at the smelting and disposal stages
Drones and starlings 31 Jan | Worldwide
As I sat in the sunshine in Poole Harbour UK finishing my new IDTechEx report, "Electric UAV Drones: Autonomous, Energy Independent 2017-2027", I was mentioning software that endows drones with curiosity and with the ability to swarm as demonstrated with multiple drones dropped from US aircraft recently.
In January 2017, it was announced that Toyota Motor Corporation and four of its biggest automotive competitors are joining oil and gas giants including Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Total SA with plans to invest a combined 10 billion euros ($10.7 billion) in hydrogen-related products within five years.
Color Line and Ulstein Verft have agreed on a Letter of Intent for the construction of the largest hybrid vessel of the world.
Picodeon announced its programme to develop superior Lithium Ion Battery performance based on its Patented PLD Technology.
DTechEx are hosting a free webinar on Tuesday 7 February 2017 titled Robotic Sensing Technologies: The advent of artificial intelligence in robots.
IDTechEx Research, a leading provider of independent market research, business intelligence and events on emerging technology, announces the availability of a new report, Energy Independent Electric Vehicles Land, Water, Air 2017-2037.
his useful half day conference revealed the views of motor company and academic experts and a user/ reviewer of electric cars.
When a material is made, you typically cannot change whether that material is hard or soft. But a group of researchers have developed a new way to design a "metamaterial" that allows the material to switch between being hard and soft without damaging or altering the material itself.
U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has published its results of a six-month-long investigation following last year's crash that killed a driver whose Model S collided with a truck while using the company's driving-assist feature.
A fully electric revolution will be revealed in the shape of the Dendrobium, Singapore's first-ever hypercar.
The Army Research Laboratory and industry partners demonstrated the flying capabilities of a unique rectangular-shaped quadcopter.
Faster recharging lithium batteries could be developed after scientists figured out why adding charged metal atoms to tunnel structures within batteries improves their performance.
To address the rising concern of rush hour traffic, Airbus Group is harnessing its experience to make the dream of all commuters and travellers come true one day: to fly over traffic jams at the push of a button.
Speedleague is announcing its introduction of E/RACING, a new and modern motorsports series featuring electric powered rallycross cars, and that it has entered into an exclusive engineering partnership arrangement with STARD to properly support the series.
In furtherance of its strategic future initiative adVANce Mercedes-Benz Vans invests in Starship Technologies, the world's leading start-up company for the development of ground-based, autonomous delivery robots.
The recent developments of the bus industry have led to impressive advancements: batteries with two different chemistries have been demonstrated to be capable of retaining 90% of the capacity after 10,000 deep cycles in ultra fast charge up to 400kW.
EU rules for the fast-evolving field of robotics, to settle issues such as compliance with ethical standards and liability for accidents involving driverless cars, should be put forward by the EU Commission.
These past 12 months have seen numerous celebrity deaths, athlete drug scandals and the end of Brangelina however, it was also the year Tesla announced fully automated cars, Alexa became part of the family and Leicester City won the Premier League. As we plan ahead for 2017, IDTechEx analysts have taken a look back over the past 12 months and picked out the most impactful technology launches, acquisitions and products from 2016. Happy New Year from all at IDTechEx!
The excitement has been building up in Las Vegas over the past few days with media days and press conferences, expectations have been riding high and the opening day of CES did not disappoint. Dr Harry Zervos reports from Las Vegas, Nevada.
Ford has detailed seven of the 13 new global electrified vehicles it plans to introduce in the next five years, including a plug-in hybrid Transit Custom van in Europe, hybrid versions of the iconic F-150 pickup and Mustang in the US, and a fully electric SUV with an expected range of at least 300 miles for customers globally.
Video Interview with Cambridge Display Technology at the IDTechEx Show! in Santa Clara, USA (November 16-17 2016)
Dr Zervos, Principal Analyst with IDTechEx, will be reporting daily from Las Vegas, Nevada this week, where he is attending CES 2017.
This new MIT assessment shows how autonomous cars can be operated in a way that sharply reduces the need for taxis and possibly impacts large buses. If successful, this mode will also provide grounds for private cars whether autonomous or not to be banned from cities. Here comes "silent city"!
Aquarius Engines, an Israeli startup, said a major European carmaker had agreed to fund further development and road tests of its single-piston generator design.
IDTechEx are hosting a free webinar on Tuesday 10 January 2017.
For the first time, researchers have produced an integrated battery electrolysis system - known as a 'battolyser' - that can not only store or supply electricity efficiently as a battery but can also split water into hydrogen and oxygen using electrolysis.
With Singapore's limited airspace and dense population, the need for an aerial traffic management system to allow drones to fly safely has become more urgent.
WiTricity announced it is working with General Motors to test an advanced wireless charging system prototype for electric vehicles.
Video Interview with Cooper Gray Roboticsat the IDTechEx Show! in Santa Clara, USA (November 16-17 2016)
Solar Team Great Britain, which is developing a solar race car and aims to be the first British team to win the Bridgestone World Solar Challenge, has completed a data-collection mission to generate real-world-conditions information on the 3,022km race route from Darwin, Australia to Adelaide.
Wattway is a solar panel system installed on the road's surface that captures solar energy to produce renewable energy.
The startup Sono Motors from Munich has collected over 300.000€ through a crowdfunding campaign in the summer of 2016.
New solar car in Florida 26 Dec | United States
A new one hundred percent solar powered car is an official contender for the XPRIZE, built by SOLARCYCLE.
In this article Dr Peter Harrop provides exclusive details of the invitation-only Barclays Energy Revolution Conference which took place recently in London.
250 new fuel cell cars hit the road in Germany in 2016 and because of technical development and standardisation, drivetrain production cost has come down 75 percent. And because of the international 700 bar standard, components for H2 fueling stations dropped around 50 percent.
Video Interview with the Nuon Solar Team at the IDTechEx Show! in Santa Clara, USA (November 16-17 2016)
Quadrofoil is 100 % electrically powered by a very reliable industry standard battery with an integrated battery management system, which optimizes usage and charging. Together with a special electric motor, it delivers exceptional performance without releasing any emissions.
Beaming the internet to the 4.5 billion people that do not have it should be massively profitable.
For light duty there are small wheel loaders and even small excavators that are pure electric. Now many manufacturers are developing or offering wheel loaders or excavators that are hybrid electric including Komatsu, Volvo and Caterpillar. Care is needed however, because this industry sometimes uses the word hybrid to mean a non-electric hybrid of hydraulic and diesel drive.
It started with Julius Caesar banning vehicles from rattling along the cobbles after 8pm so people could get to sleep.Things went backwards in the ensuing two thousand years but now it is coming center stage again.
Researchers have developed an alternative energy storage system that could lead to a less dangerous and more cost effective battery technology than some currently on the market.
The Textron division in the UK Ransome Jacobsen in the UK makes industrial lawnmowers based on diesel engines and lead acid batteries that are sometimes primitive hybrids in having a separate lead acid battery pack for the powertrain.
The mission of JCESR, DOE's Batteries and Energy Storage Hub, is to overcome critical scientific and technical barriers and create transformative battery technology for transportation and the electric grid.
What do golf cars and heavy electric trucks have in common? There is still no agreement on the best type of electric motor to use in either of them. On IDTechEx analysis, the booming, confusing traction motor business will rise to around $400 billion in 2027.
Energy storage systems are in demand as never before. Billions of mobile telephones and tablets need electricity to go. Add to this the growing number of electric cars. But, high-performance batteries can also store renewable energy produced by wind turbines and solar cells so that it can be fed into the grid on cloudy and windless days.
Video Interview with Shockwave Motorsat the IDTechEx Show! in Santa Clara, USA (November 16-17 2016)
Does it really help to drive an electric car if the electricity you use to charge the batteries come from a coal mine in Germany, or if the batteries were manufactured in China using coal?
The industrial and commercial sector is the largest part of the electric vehicle value market and that will continue to be the case according to analysis in the unique IDTechEx report, Industrial and Commercial Electric Vehicles 2017-2027.
To facilitate the new bus, the last stop on S�dert�lje's route 755 has been converted into a charging station that will enable the vehicle to quickly recharge its batteries conveniently each time it stops there.
IDTechEx expects EVs to create significant electricity demand in about ten years and be key to huge improvements in local noise and air pollution and in global warming reduction.
Li-ion batteries are widely used in applications such as mobile phones and laptops. They also hold the key to future electromobility as they have the potential to substantially increase the driving range of electric vehicles.
A student engineer from the University of Sussex has won a national car industry award for designing a new battery that could revolutionise electric vehicles.
Last week Paris experienced its worst spike in pollution since records began. Cars were banned from the streets and public transport made free in the city and surrounding areas. Such vehicle bans have only been introduced four times in the last two decades, and never before on consecutive days.
EVs go all-wheel drive 09 Dec | Worldwide
Jaguar Land Rover wants half its cars to be available in an electric version by the end of the decade, after showcasing its first electric car at the Los Angeles Auto Show earlier this month.
Video Interview with Synergy at the IDTechEx Show! in Santa Clara, USA (November 16-17 2016)
Dick Wallis, CEO of Positioning Systems in the UK has sent IDTechEx a visionary proposal for a new combined airport, smart city and green electricity supply in Wales in the UK.
BMW Group, Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company and Volkswagen Group with Audi and Porsche have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to create the highest-powered charging network in Europe.
Ground-breaking research has developed potentially transformational technology which could revolutionise the capabilities of appliances that have previously relied on battery power to work.
Dielectric capacitor to beat batteries? 07 Dec | United Kingdom, Worldwide
The term supercapacitor means the same as ultracapacitor. It is traditionally limited to electrostatic devices that are based on an electrochemical double layer much thinner and of wider area than the dielectric that is the basis of all other capacitors.
the SolarStratos Mission began in 2014 and is the brainchild of Rapha�l Domjan, eco- adventurer. He will be flying to an altitude of over 80,000 feet on board the first two-seater solar aircraft, and is already preparing for his stratospheric flight.
A nanosize squeeze can significantly boost the performance of platinum catalysts that help generate energy in fuel cells, according to a new study.
Video Interview with KersTech at the IDTechEx Show! in Santa Clara, USA (November 16-17 2016)
The new IDTechEx report, Electric Car Technology and Forecasts 2017-2027 finds that the biggest change in cars for one hundred years is now starting. It is driven by totally new requirements and capabilities.
The new planetary rigid steering axles cover vehicles with lift capacities ranging from 30 to 110 tonnes (33 to 120 tons) and are part of Dana's complete drivetrain system for rough-terrain cranes.


 About Us | Contact | Submissions | Privacy | Advertise | Site Map
Copyright 1998-2016 by
Amish Pleasures, Inc. All rights reserved.